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16 de Octubre, Día Mundial de la Alimentación: Cambiar el futuro de la migración.

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La FAO celebra el Día Mundial de la Alimentación el 16 de octubre de cada año para conmemorar la fundación de la Organización en el año 1945. Se organizan eventos en más de 150 países de todo el mundo, convirtiéndolo en uno de los días más celebrados del calendario de la ONU. Estos eventos promueven la concienciación y la acción a escala mundial para aquellos que padecen hambre y la necesidad de garantizar la seguridad alimentaria y dietas nutritivas para todos, en el 2017 el tema es “Cambiar el futuro de la migración. Invertir en seguridad alimentaria y desarrollo rural”.

El mundo está en constante movimiento. A día de hoy y debido al aumento de los conflictos y la inestabilidad política, se han visto obligadas a huir de sus hogares más personas que en cualquier momento desde la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Sin embargo, el hambre, la pobreza y un aumento de los fenómenos metereológicos extremos relacionados con el cambio climático son otros factores importantes que contribuyen al desafío migratorio, expone la FAO.

Los grandes desplazamientos de población hoy en día presentan desafíos complejos que exigen una acción a escala mundial. Muchos migrantes llegan a los países en desarrollo, creando tensiones donde los recursos ya son escasos, pero la mayoría, unos 763 millones, se trasladan dentro de sus propios países más que al extranjero.

Tres cuartas partes de las personas en situación de pobreza extrema basan sus medios de subsistencia en la agricultura u otras actividades rurales. La creación de condiciones que permitan a las poblaciones rurales, especialmente a los jóvenes, permanecer en sus hogares cuando sientan que es seguro hacerlo y tener medios de vida más resilientes, es un componente crucial de cualquier plan para emprender el desafío migratorio.

El desarrollo rural puede abordar factores que obligan a la gente a trasladarse creando oportunidades de negocio y puestos de trabajo para los jóvenes que no sólo están basados en los cultivos (como la pequeña producción lechera o avícola, el procesamiento de alimentos o las empresas de horticultura). También puede conducir a una mayor seguridad alimentaria, medios de vida más resilientes, un mejor acceso a la protección social, una reducción de los conflictos sobre los recursos naturales y soluciones a la degradación del medio ambiente y al cambio climático.

Al invertir en el desarrollo rural, la comunidad internacional también puede aprovechar el potencial de la migración para apoyar el desarrollo y aumentar la resiliencia de las comunidades de acogida y desplazadas, sentando así las bases para una recuperación a largo plazo y un crecimiento inclusivo y sostenible.

El Día Mundial de la Alimentación es una oportunidad para demostrar nuestro compromiso con el Objetivo de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) 2 – Alcanzar la meta del Hambre Cero en 2030.

Se trata también de un día para que podamos celebrar los avances realizados hacia la consecución del #HambreCero.

Diez datos que necesita saber sobre el hambre

  1. El mundo produce alimentos suficientes para sustentarnos a todos, sin embargo, unos 800 millones de personaspadecen hambre. Es decir, una de cada nueve personas. El 60% de ellos son mujeres.
  2. Aproximadamente el 80%de pobres extremos del mundo viven en zonas rurales. La mayoría de ellos depende de la agricultura.
  3. El hambre mata a más personas cada año que la malaria, la tuberculosis y el sida juntos.
  4. Alrededor del 45% de las muertes infantiles están relacionadas con la desnutrición.
  5. El coste para la economía mundial como consecuencia de la desnutrición es el equivalente a 3,5 billones de USD al año.
  6. Unos 1,9 mil millones de personas – más de un cuarto de la población mundial – tienen sobrepeso.
  7. Un tercio de los alimentos producidos en todo el mundo se pierde o desperdicia.
  8. El mundo necesitará producir un 60% más de alimentos de aquí a 2050 para sustentar a una población creciente.
  9. Ningún otro sector es más sensible al cambio climático que la agricultura.
  10. La FAO trabaja principalmente en las zonas rurales, en 130 países. Trabajamos con gobiernos, sociedad civil, el sector privado y otros socios para alcanzar el #HambreCero.

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